Before the turn of the 20th century, the world was unaware of Tibet Tour, the Roof of the World. Since then, the vast, snow-covered land has had a powerful pull on tourists and explorers. Every visitor is given an unforgettable life memory by its magnificent environment, mystifying and fascinating religious culture, and great people.
Tibet has a variety of faces, including its distinct way of life, desolate landscapes, Tibetan Buddhism customs and culture, beautiful lakes, and rugged mountains. Lhasa is constantly blooming for cultural sightseeing, making it inescapably the one location that appears on every traveler's itinerary. Not only is it the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region and the largest city in Tibet, but it is also the center of interest for the entire world. Summertime hiking on Mount Everest is fantastic. The tallest monastery in the world, Rongbuk Monastery, is located on the route to Mount Everest. Visitors may even witness the sunrise at the monastery, depending on the weather. Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and the Bön faith all regard Mount Kailash as a holy site. It is regarded as Lord Shiva's home in the Hindu religion.
Best Times to Go
The best months to visit Tibet are May through October, when temperatures are often above 10°C and are not too chilly. As a result of the warmer temperatures and greater oxygen levels, this is naturally the busiest travel season in Tibet.
In Tibet, July and August are the rainy months, however there isn't much rain overall, with the exception of the southeast.
The months with the least amount of rain are May and September, making them ideal for camping.Travel to Mt. Everest in April, May, September, or October if you want to have the best chance of seeing the peak in person. The rest of the year, it is more likely to be obscured by heavy clouds.
The Shoton Festival, Nagqu Horse Racing Festival, and Ganden Thangka Festival are celebrated in Tibet in August, hence it is advised for tourists who are interested in Tibetan festivals to go during that time. The festivals, though, will draw sizable numbers.
The greatest time to view autumnal colors in Tibet is from late September to early October.
Things to do
When the mountain passes are free of snow, summer is the best season to visit the many attractions in the more distant areas and take in the high-altitude scenery. The time is also excellent for hiking.
When the grasslands are at their lushest, Tibetans hold their outdoor market fairs, encampments, festivals, and sporting events. The Ganden Thangka Festival, the Shoton Festival, and the Nagqu Horse Racing Festival are notable festivals.
Tibet first appeared as a single empire in the seventh century, but it soon broke up into numerous provinces. The majority of western and central Tibet (Ü-Tsang) was frequently, though not always, officially united under a succession of Tibetan administrations at Lhasa, Shigatse, or surrounding towns; these administrations were at various points subject to Mongol and Chinese rule. In addition to frequently coming under more direct Chinese authority, the eastern parts of Kham and Amdo sometimes retained a more decentralized indigenous political structure. The majority of this territory was eventually integrated into the Chinese provinces of Sichuan and Qinghai. In general, Tibet's current borders were drawn up in the 18th century.
After the Qing dynasty was overthrown in 1912, Qing soldiers were disarmed and led out of the Tibet Area (Ü-Tsang). Later, in 1913, the region proclaimed its independence; however, the succeeding Chinese Republican government did not recognize it. Later, the western region of China's Xikang Province came under the sovereignty of Lhasa. After the Invasion of Tibet in 1951, the region continued to be autonomous until 1959, when a failed revolt resulted in the unification of Tibet under the People's Republic of China. Western and central Tibet are currently governed by the People's Republic of China under the name Tibet Autonomous Region, while prefectures in Sichuan, Qinghai, and other neighboring provinces now oversee the majority of the eastern regions. Tensions exist surrounding the political situation in Tibet and exile-based opposition organizations. Activists for Tibet's independence have allegedly been detained or subjected to torture there.
Its borders are the Central China Plain to the north and east, the Kashmir Region of India to the west, and Nepal, India, and Bhutan to the south. The majority of Tibet is perched on the Tibetan Plateau, a geological formation that is home to the Himalaya and several of the tallest mountain peaks in the world, including Mount Everest, which shares a border with Nepal. Tibet is frequently referred to as "the roof of the globe," with its tablelands towering an average of almost 4,950 meters above sea level.
Tibet's geographical and climatic characteristics led to the development of a distinctive culture. Although the Himalayan region has been influenced by nearby nations and cultures, such as Nepal, India, and China, its isolation and remoteness have retained specific indigenous influences and sparked the growth of its own distinct culture.
Since the 7th century, when Buddhism was first introduced, it has had a particularly significant impact on Tibetan culture. Arts and practices from India and China were introduced by Buddhist missionaries, who primarily originated in Nepal and China. The dominant Buddhist views are reflected in art, literature, and music, and Buddhism itself has taken on a distinctive shape in Tibet, influenced by the Bön lineage and other local beliefs.
Sanskrit and Chinese texts on astronomy, astrology, and medicine were translated. The basic tools of civilisation, including the production of butter, cheese, barley beer, ceramics, water mills, and the national drink, tea, were imported from China.
The unique geographic and climatic features of Tibet have favored pastoralism and the growth of a distinct cuisine from neighboring areas that is suitable for the needs of the human body at these high altitudes.
Wolf, wild donkey, crane, vulture, hawk, goose, snake, and buffalo species can all be found in Tibet. The high-altitude jumping spider, which can survive at an elevation of above 6,500 meters (21,300 feet), is one prominent species. Tibetan eagles, marmots, Himalayan mouse hares, foxes, and Himalayan ravens are also present. Agkistrodon himalayanus is a snake that inhabits the Himalayas at elevations of up to 4,900 meters (16,000 feet).
With more than 5,000 kinds of superior plants, Tibet is like a vast plant kingdom and is rich in wild plant resources. Southeast Tibet is where the majority of the flora in Tibet are found, including in Medog, Chayu, Luoyu, and Menyu. Tibet is also home to some of China's largest and most untouched forests. Almost all of the major plant species found in the northern hemisphere's tropical to arctic regions can be found here. Himalayan spruce, Himalayan fir, hard-stemmed long bract fir, hemlock, Monterey Larix potaniniis, Tibetan larch, Tibetan cypress, and Chinese juniper are among the species that are frequently encountered. In Tibet, there are roughly 926,000 hectares of pine forest.The list of tree species protected by the state includes two species: Tibetan longleaf pine and Tibetan lacebark pine.
Tibetan herbs are rich in therapeutic properties. More than 1,000 wild plants are employed as medicines, with 400 of them being therapeutic herbs. Particularly well known medicine plants include Chinese caterpillar fungus, Fritillaria Thunbergii, Rhizoma Picrorhizae, rhubarb, Rhizoma Gastrodiae, pseudo-ginseng, Codonopsis Pilosula, Radix Gentiane Macrophyllae, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, glossy ganoderma, and Caulis Spatholobi.
More than 200 species of fungi have already been identified, including the well-known edible fungi songrong, hedgehog hydnum, zhangzi fungus, mush chambers, black fungi, tremellas, and yellow fungi. The fungi tuckahoes, songganlan, and stone-like omphalias are used medically.
Tibet is a high altitude plateau set amid tall mountain ranges. The mountain ranges catch the rainfall before it reaches the plateau, so most of Tibet, except for the southeast, is desert steppe, tundra, or permafrost. Most of Tibet experiences frost at least six months of the year, and the highest lakes have ice from October to March. The weather varies a lot from region to region.
Main Features of Tibet’s climate
- Strong sunshine
- Cold and dry
- Large day/night temperature difference
Tibet’s high altitude results in:
- Thin air
- Less oxygen content
- Lower boiling point
Lhasa, which is located in the warmer and wetter southeast of the province at an elevation of 3,550 meters (11,600 feet), is the perfect place for visitors to the area to adapt. Since the region's yearly precipitation averages around 200 millimeters, Lhasa experiences relatively high annual precipitation for Tibet at 500 millimeters (20 inches) (4 and 12 inches).
Tibet Weather and Tourism in the Four Seasons
Tibet has quite diverse seasons from other places with a prolonged winter because to its high altitude.
Springtime sees the ice melt and the temperature rise, opening up deserted roads and improving travel conditions outside of Lhasa. Early in April, Tibet reopens to tourists (as it is usually closed to visitors in March for Tibetan New Year).
The summer months are the busiest for travel in Tibet and the temperature ranges from warm to cool. In comparison to other seasons, the air there contains more oxygen. Even during the rainy season, it occasionally rains at night or for approximately an hour in the afternoon from mid-July to late-August. In the summer, it's challenging to find train tickets to Lhasa.
The weather is clear and cool in the fall, which is also a popular travel period in Tibet. Due to decreased cloud cover, it's a fantastic season to hike and trek in Tibet and to take pictures of mountain peaks.
In February and March, Tibet is typically off limits to tourists for five to six weeks. Normally, Tibet entry permits are not provided in the months of February and March. Due to the significant snowfall, certain highways are closed. Aside from the cold, winter is a wonderful season to visit lower-altitude locations like Lhasa because there are typically fewer people than in the summer and fall and hotels and travel companies may offer discounts.