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Nepal is the country of Mt. Everest (8,848m high) the highest peak on earth. Nepal is the birthplace of Buddha where you can experience the great holy city of Lumbini, the center point of world peace. Furthermore, it is a country of numerous temples. Nepal is a country of highly diverse and rich geography, culture, and religions. The mountainous north has eight of the world's ten highest mountains, including the highest, Sagarmatha, known in English as Mount Everest. The fertile and humid south is more urban. By some measures, Hinduism is practised by a larger majority of people in Nepal than in any other nation. Buddhism, though a minority faith in the country, is linked historically with Nepal as the birthplace of the Buddha.
The Kathmandu Valley
The Kathmandu Valley is located in central Nepal, and has at least 130 important monuments, including several places of pilgrimage for Hindus and Buddhists alike with seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites located within this valley. Consequently, you have an opportunity to view perhaps much more than you expect. The valley consists of three cities with remarkable historic and cultural interest - Kathmandu, Lalitpur (Patan) and Bhaktapur.
The magnificient temple Pasupatinath is located 5kms north-east of the Kathmandu valley, on the right bank of the River Bagmati. Pashupathinath is the guardian spirit and the holiest of all Shiva shrines in Nepal. Pashaputi Temple include many old and famous temples, shrines and statues. South of the temple is Chadeshvar, an inscribed Licchavi linga from the 7th century, and north of the temple is a 9th-century temple of Brahma. On the south side of Pashupati temple is the Dharmashila, a stone where sacred oaths are taken, and pillars with statues of various Shah kings.
The northeast corner of the temple is the temple of Vasuki, the King of the Nagas. Vasuki has the form of a Naga (mythical snake) from the waist upwards, while the lower parts are an intricate tangle of snakes' bodies. According to local belief, Vasuki took up residence here in order to protect Pashupati. The Bagmati River, which runs next to Pashaputinath Temple, has highly sacred properties. Thus the banks are lined with many ghats (bathing spots) for use by pilgrims. Renovating or furnishing these sites has always been regarded as meritorious.
The history of the Kathmandu valley is linked with the Swoyambhunath. It is located at the top of hill and consists of a temple dedicated to Manjushree of Saraswati - the goddess of learning. It is located in the center of the Kathmandu valley and visible from every corner of Kathmandu. From here you get a view of Kathmandu along with the surrounding Himalaya. It is also surrounded by trees where you can see groups of wild monkeys.
Patan Durbar Square
Patan is the oldest city among the three cities of the Kathmandu metropolitan area and has a glorious artistic heritage situated along the Bagmati river. Patan Square and its surroundings are good example of ancient Newari architecture. You can view the handmade anicient architecture and several multi-sized and multi-styled temples like Krishna Temple, Bhimsen Temple and the Golden Temple of Hiranya Varna.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur is a city of culture, heritage and devotees. It is famous for its culture, people and different festivals with ancient architecture.The city was founded in the 12th century by King Anand Dev Malla. Bhaktapur was the capital city of the Greater Malla Kingdom in the Kathmandu Valley until the 15th century. It consists of many UNESCO heritage sites which includes Bhaktapur Durbar Square.
Located seven kilometers north of Kathmandu, at the base of the Sivapuri hills, Budhanilkantha is a remarkable place to see a statue of Lord Vishnu, reclining on a bed of coiled snakes. The statue is said to be sculpted from a single block stone, is set in the middle of a small pond and appears to be floating in the water. The stone image is said to be one of three statues sculpted during the Lichhavi period and called Budhanilkantha, so named after the huge image of Lord Vishnu. The most striking feature of the monument is its crown, which is always covered with either plain cloth, usually hidden under an accumulation of flowers. The priests in charge never allow a view of, nor uncover, the crown saying that it is against tradition. No photographs, pictures or first hand account of the features above the forehead is available. However, many cultural experts believe that there is a small image of Lord Buddha on the Vishnu’s crown.